1. The tailpiece
Ensuring the correct distance between tail-
piece and bridge is very important for the
purity of the tone as well as the proper fitting
of the string on the instrument.
We strongly recommend these measurements
for full size instruments:
Violin 5.7 cm or 2 ¼ inches
Viola 6.8 cm or 2 ¾ inches
Cello 12.0 cm or 4 ¾ inches
Double bass 21.0 cm or 8 ¼ inches
2. The height of the string above the
When using steel and nylon strings, the dis-
tance between string and fingerboard is less
than with gut strings. The following numbers
are for steel strings and can be adapted for
nylon strings by adding a little to these values.
Having the strings closer to the fingerboard
eases the work of the left hand and extends the
life of the string. The measurements are taken
exactly above the bridge end of the finger-
Violin E | 2.5 mm – G IV 4.0 mm
Viola A | 5.0 mm – C IV 4.5 mm
Cello A | 4.5 mm – C IV 6.5 mm
Double bass I: 9.5 mm – E1 IV 10.5 mm
3. When to change strings
A string’s component material, especially its
core will eventually become fatigued. The
richness of higher partials and the fullness
of tone will degrade. First and foremost this
happens with intensive amounts of playing.
To avoid sound quality loss we advise
changing strings at appropriate intervals.
Changing single strings instead of the whole
set at once, i.e. mixing old and new strings
will jeopardize the entire tonal balance of the
1. If you put strings on an instrument smaller
than the one the strings are designed for, there
will be a considerable loss of tension and sound
quality. Apart from this, the thicker playing
length of the string will end up being wound
around the tuning peg, which – especially with
thicker strings – will result in damage to the
core, loss of tonal quality and strings breaking.
This is one of the most common mistakes.
Please check out the listing of strings for
smaller instruments in our catalogue.
2. If you put strings on an instrument larger
than the one the strings are designed for, e.g.
on a large viola, it will have the same effect as
tuning the string too high, or tuning from the
highest to lowest string instead of the other
way around. Doing this even once can severely
fatigue the string or break it.
3. Sharp edges on the bridge, the nut or the
tailpiece will damage the string and can lead
to breakage. This can also happen if the chan-
nels in the nut are too narrow. Channels have
to be of sufficient width and prepared with a
little graphite from a soft pencil. Another mis-
take to avoid when re-stringing the instrument
is winding the string improperly around the
tuning peg. The correct number of windings is
between four and five, without any bending of
the string between nut and tuning peg and
without jamming it against the peg box.
Tips on how to
What to avoid when
re-stringing an instrument
Service & Support
Service & Support