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1. The tailpiece

Ensuring the correct distance between tail-

piece and bridge is very important for the

purity of the tone as well as the proper fitting

of the string on the instrument.

We strongly recommend these measurements

for full size instruments:


Violin 5.7 cm or 2 ¼ inches


Viola 6.8 cm or 2 ¾ inches


Cello 12.0 cm or 4 ¾ inches


Double bass 21.0 cm or 8 ¼ inches

2. The height of the string above the


When using steel and nylon strings, the dis-

tance between string and fingerboard is less

than with gut strings. The following numbers

are for steel strings and can be adapted for

nylon strings by adding a little to these values.

Having the strings closer to the fingerboard

eases the work of the left hand and extends the

life of the string. The measurements are taken

exactly above the bridge end of the finger-



Violin E | 2.5 mm – G IV 4.0 mm


Viola A | 5.0 mm – C IV 4.5 mm


Cello A | 4.5 mm – C IV 6.5 mm


Double bass I: 9.5 mm – E1 IV 10.5 mm

3. When to change strings

A string’s component material, especially its

core will eventually become fatigued. The

richness of higher partials and the fullness

of tone will degrade. First and foremost this

happens with intensive amounts of playing.

To avoid sound quality loss we advise

changing strings at appropriate intervals.

Changing single strings instead of the whole

set at once, i.e. mixing old and new strings

will jeopardize the entire tonal balance of the


1. If you put strings on an instrument smaller

than the one the strings are designed for, there

will be a considerable loss of tension and sound

quality. Apart from this, the thicker playing

length of the string will end up being wound

around the tuning peg, which – especially with

thicker strings – will result in damage to the

core, loss of tonal quality and strings breaking.

This is one of the most common mistakes.

Please check out the listing of strings for

smaller instruments in our catalogue.

2. If you put strings on an instrument larger

than the one the strings are designed for, e.g.

on a large viola, it will have the same effect as

tuning the string too high, or tuning from the

highest to lowest string instead of the other

way around. Doing this even once can severely

fatigue the string or break it.

3. Sharp edges on the bridge, the nut or the

tailpiece will damage the string and can lead

to breakage. This can also happen if the chan-

nels in the nut are too narrow. Channels have

to be of sufficient width and prepared with a

little graphite from a soft pencil. Another mis-

take to avoid when re-stringing the instrument

is winding the string improperly around the

tuning peg. The correct number of windings is

between four and five, without any bending of

the string between nut and tuning peg and

without jamming it against the peg box.

Tips on how to

re-string instruments

What to avoid when

re-stringing an instrument

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